a.) Davis Logsdon (A real person) – humorous article
Professor of Political Science, University of Minnesota and Director of the Opinion Research Institute.
Identified a new strain of Fact-Resistant-Humans (FRH)
“While scientists have no clear understanding of the mechanisms that prevent the fact-resistant humans from absorbing data, they theorize that the strain may have developed the ability to intercept and discard information en route from the auditory nerve to the brain. “The normal functions of human consciousness have been completely nullified,””
b.) Why smart politicians say dumb things…
September 2, 2015 by Jason Brennan
Ethicist Jason Brennan, whose posts on the ethics of voting for our 2012
“Saying stupid things to would-be voters is a very smart thing to do.”
c.) “The more educated a person is, the stronger and more irrational is their rejection of scientifically-proven and peer-reviewed facts”
Chief investigator Dan Kahan, in study out of Yale University, “The Tragedy of the Risk-Perception Commons: Culture Conflict, Rationality Conflict, and Climate Change”, interviewed some 1,540 randomly selected U.S. citizens. The amazing result is that facts on specific scientific topics play no role when it comes to the more conservative segments of American society.
Those who show such resistance to the facts, interestingly enough, are not with low educational and social status. No – the more educated a person is, the stronger and more irrational is their rejection of scientifically-proven and peer-reviewed facts (conspiracy theories involving thousands of scientists are frequently mentioned). One cheerleader of the trend is ultra-conservative presidential candidate Rick Santorum.
d.) Motivated Skepticism in the Evaluation of Political Beliefs
Charles S. Taber, Stony Brook University
Milton Lodge, Stony Brook University
e.) The Science of Why We Don’t Believe Science“A MAN WITH A CONVICTION is a hard man to change. Tell him you disagree and he turns away. Show him facts or figures and he questions your sources. Appeal to logic and he fails to see your point.” So wrote the celebrated Stanford University psychologist Leon Festinger (PDF)
f.) 3 Cognitive Biases That Alter Your Thinking
Why This Matters.
It is beneficial to be aware of the processes influencing our judgments. Having background knowledge on how the mind actually works is essential for logic, reasoning, argumentation, and critical thinking. It also allows us to be aware of manipulation and influence by others on these biases. (marketing firms, political campaigns)
Cognitive biases are also related to the persistence of superstition, to large social issues such as prejudice, and they also work as a hindrance in the acceptance of non-intuitive scientific knowledge by the public.